Thursday, September 3, 2015

European longsword

In the early Carolingian period it appears that both long sword and the seax were carried as attested to by both literary and archeological sources and both measured and were made the same as the earlier weapon.

However, by the end of the eight century the seax began to disappear and the longsword began to change both in shape and manufacture.

In fifteenth-century English ‘longsword’ referred to a two-handed sword. In English up until quite recently usually called a hand -and-a-half sword or a bastard sword.

As a civilian side –arm, the longsword had many advantages. It was the longest weapon that could reasonably be worn at the hip. Indeed, the ideal length for longsword is the longest one that can be drawn in one movement from a belt-slung scabbard.

The longsword blade was a medium-length weapon with a hilt that could be wielded with either one or two hands and could be single or double edged with rounded point made for slashing and cutting rather than thrusting.

Longsword were made by building up the blade of a weapon from many smaller pieces of iron, either from the same source or else very slightly different in composition, the latter containing slightly more phosphorous than the former , for example.
European longsword

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